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初二英语作文副词句型

时间:2020-05-29 来源:第九文学网
 

句型(一) such+名词性词组+that… So+形容词/副词+that…——如此……以致…… 例如:(1)She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我们都爱她。

(2)It was such a hot day that they didn't go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气,他们没有像往常一样去散步。 注意点: 1.such+a+形容词+名词+that…,可以改写成:so+形容词+a+名词+that…,例句(1)可以改写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her. 2.在such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…结构中,形容词如果是many/few或much/little时,用so不用such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数+that…,so+much/little+不可数名词+that… (1)There are so many people in the room that I can't get in.房间里人太多,我进不去。

(2)The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱,他能买一辆小汽车。 句型(二) There be…,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also… 例如:(1)There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅笔。

(2)Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没有去过长城。 (3)Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海,要么我去上海。

(4)Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对。 (5)Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack和Tim是英国人。

注意点: 当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要考虑“就近原则”,对比both…and… 来记忆,both…and…连接主语时视为复数。 句型(三) Enough+名词+to do…——有足够的……做某事 形容词/副词+enough+to do …——足够……做某事 例如:(1)There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting.有足够的地方容下这些人开会。

(2)The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够大,能搬动这只箱子。 注意点: enough做副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用so…that…句型改写。

例句(2)可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气很大,能搬动这只箱子。 句型(四) too+形容词/副词+to do…——太……以致不能…… 例如:(1)I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来。

(2)Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。 注意点: 这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加 not,可以用so…that…结构改写,例如例句(1)可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn't say a word. 句型(五) So that …——以便/以致…… 例如:(1)They studied hard so that they could pass the exam.他们学习很努力,为了能通过考试。

(2)They started early so that they caught the early bus.他们起得很早,结果赶上了早班车。 注意点: 在例句(1)中,是引导目的状语;在例句(2)中,是引导结果状语。

一般来讲,从句中含有情态动词的,为目的状语。无情态动词的,为结果状语。

句型(六) 祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 例如:(1)Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life.努力工作,你就会过上幸福生活。 (2)Hurry up, or we will be late for school. 快点,否则我们上学就迟到了。

注意点: 以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。例句(2)可以改写成:If we don't hurry up,we'll be late for school. 句型(七) (1)It's time for sth.是干某事的时间了。

It's time (for sb) to do sth.该干某事了。 It's time that sb did sth.该干某事了。

例如:(1) It's time for the meeting.该开会了。 (2)It's time for us to go to school.我们该上学了。

(3)It's high time that you went to bed.你该上床休息了。 注意点: 在句型(3)中,可以在time前加rush、 high等修饰词,这个句型是虚拟语气的一种,含有“稍迟一点”的含义。

而(2)则是“正是干某事的时候”。 句型(八) (1)It takes sb. Some time to do sth.干某事花某人一些时间 (2)sb. spend some time on sth./(in) doing sth.某人花时间在某事上/花时间干某事 (3)spend some money on sth./(in) doing sth.花钱在某物上/花钱干某事 (4)sth. cost sb. Some money——某事花某人一些钱 (5)pay some money for sth.为某事(物)付钱 例如:(1)It took me two hours to write the letter.写这封信花了我两小时的时间。

(2)He spends half an hour (in) reading English every morning.他每天早上花半小时读英语。 (3)He spends one hour on the housework every day.他每天花一小时做家务。

(4)The bike cost me 298 yuan.这辆自行车花了我298元。 (5)I spent 298 yuan on the bike.我买这辆自行车花了298 元。

(6)I paid 298 yuan for the bike.我花了298元买这辆自行车。 注意点:cost主语一般为物;spend、pay主语一般为人。

例(1)中it 用做形式主语,动词不定式为真正主语。 句型(九) (1)Why not do…?为什么不干某事? (2)Let's do …让我们干某事吧。

(3)Shall we do …?我们干某事好吗? (4)。

unit 1 Will people have robots?知识点:1.\x05形容词,副词的比较等级考查热点透视:a)\x05表示A与B在程度上相同时,“as+形容词或副词的原级+as”结构.表示A不如B时,可用“not as/so+形容词或副词的原级+as”结构.b)\x05表示A比B在程度上“更…..”时,可用“形容词或副词的比较级+than”结构c)\x05表示三者或三者以上的比较,其中一个在程度上“最…..”时,常用“the+形容词或副词的最高级”结构,后面可带“of/in的短语”来说明比较的范围.(注意:副词的最高级在句中常省略“the”.)d)\x05在形容词或副词的比较级前,可以用“a little,even,far,much,still”的等词语来修饰,以加强语气.e)\x05表示“越来越….”时,常用“形容词或副词的比较级+and+形容词或副词的比较级”结构,但要注意,对于多音节和部分双音节形容词,副词而言,若要表达此意时,要用“more and more+形容词或副词的原级“结构.f)\x05在表示“其中最….之一“的含义时,常使用 “one of+the+形容词最高级形式+名词复数”结构,其中的定冠词the不可以省湖北去哪看癫痫病好略.g)\x05如果强调“两者中比较…的(一个)”的意思时,可使用“the+形容词比较级+其它”结构.h)\x05表示“越….越….”,可使用“the+形容词或副词的比较级,the+形容词或副词的比较级”结构.内容太多,你可以去下面这个知道网页看下。

句型(一) such+名词性词组+that… So+形容词/副词+that…——如此……以致…… 例如:(1)She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我们都爱她。

(2)It was such a hot day that they didn't go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气,他们没有像往常一样去散步。 注意点: 1.such+a+形容词+名词+that…,可以改写成:so+形容词+a+名词+that…,例句(1)可以改写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her. 2.在such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…结构中,形容词如果是many/few或much/little时,用so不用such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数+that…,so+much/little+不可数名词+that… (1)There are so many people in the room that I can't get in.房间里人太多,我进不去。

(2)The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱,他能买一辆小汽车。 句型(二) There be…,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also… 例如:(1)There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅笔。

(2)Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没有去过长城。 (3)Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海,要么我去上海。

(4)Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对。 (5)Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack和Tim是英国人。

注意点: 当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要考虑“就近原则”,对比both…and… 来记忆,both…and…连接主语时视为复数。 句型(三) Enough+名词+to do…——有足够的……做某事 形容词/副词+enough+to do …——足够……做某事 例如:(1)There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting.有足够的地方容下这些人开会。

(2)The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够大,能搬动这只箱子。 注意点: enough做副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用so…that…句型改写。

例句(2)可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气很大,能搬动这只箱子。 句型(四) too+形容词/副词+to do…——太……以致不能…… 例如:(1)I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来。

(2)Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。 注意点: 这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加 not,可以用so…that…结构改写,例如例句(1)可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn't say a word. 句型(五) So that …——以便/以致…… 例如:(1)They studied hard so that they could pass the exam.他们学习很努力,为了能通过考试。

(2)They started early so that they caught the early bus.他们起得很早,结果赶上了早班车。 注意点: 在例句(1)中,是引导目的状语;在例句(2)中,是引导结果状语。

一般来讲,从句中含有情态动词的,为目的状语。无情态动词的,为结果状语。

句型(六) 祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 例如:(1)Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life.努力工作,你就会过上幸福生活。 (2)Hurry up, or we will be late for school. 快点,否则我们上学就迟到了。

注意点: 以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。例句(2)可以改写成:If we don't hurry up,we'll be late for school.句型(七) (1)It's time for sth.是干某事的时间了。

It's time (for sb) to do sth.该干某事了。 It's time that sb did sth.该干某事了。

例如:(1) It's time for the meeting.该开会了。 (2)It's time for us to go to school.我们该上学了。

(3)It's high time that you went to bed.你该上床休息了。 注意点: 在句型(3)中,可以在time前加rush、 high等修饰词,这个句型是虚拟语气的一种,含有“稍迟一点”的含义。

而(2)则是“正是干某事的时候”。 句型(八) (1)It takes sb. Some time to do sth.干某事花某人一些时间 (2)sb. spend some time on sth./(in) doing sth.某人花时间在某事上/花时间干某事 (3)spend some money on sth./(in) doing sth.花钱在某物上/花钱干某事 (4)sth. cost sb. Some money——某事花某人一些钱 (5)pay some money for sth.为某事(物)付钱 例如:(1)It took me two hours to write the letter.写这封信花了我两小时的时间。

(2)He spends half an hour (in) reading English every morning.他每天早上花半小时读英语。 (3)He spends one hour on the housework every day.他每天花一小时做家务。

(4)The bike cost me 298 yuan.这辆自行车花了我298元。 (5)I spent 298 yuan on the bike.我买这辆自行车花了298 元。

(6)I paid 298 yuan for the bike.我花了298元买这辆自行车。 注意点:cost主语一般为物;spend、pay主语一般为人。

例(1)中it 用做形式主语,动词不定式为真正主语。句型(九) (1)Why not do…?为什么不干某事? (2)Let's do …让我们干某事吧。

(3)Shall we do …?我们干某事好吗? (4)Would you like something/to do sth.…?你想要什么吗?你想要干…吗? (5)Will you please do …?请你干某事好吗? (。

一、…the + -est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen( known/heard/had/read, etc) QYK英语作文网 …the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

QYK英语作文网 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have e哪里治癫痫病好ver had. QYK英语作文网 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。QYK英语作文网QYK英语作文网*二、Nothing is + -er than to + V ;Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V QYK英语作文网例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. QYK英语作文网 没有比接受教育更重要的事。

QYK英语作文网QYK英语作文网*三、…cannot emphasize the importance of …too much. (再怎么强调……的重要性也不为过。)例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. QYK英语作文网 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

*四、There is no denying that + S + V 。(不可否认的……) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.QYK英语作文网 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

*五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子…… (全世界都知道……)例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. QYK英语作文网 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。 *六、There is no doubt that + 句子……(毫无疑问的……) QYK英语作文网例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. QYK英语作文网 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

QYK英语作文网QYK英语作文网七、An advantage of …is that + 句子 (……的优点是……) QYK英语作文网例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution. QYK英语作文网 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、The reason why + 句子…… is that + 句子 (……的原因是……) QYK英语作文网例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

*九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子…… (如此……以致于……) 例句:So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~ (虽然……) QYK英语作文网例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. (by no means = in no way = on no account =at no time = in no case = in no sense = under no circumstances = not 。

in the least 一点也不)QYK英语作文网 虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。 十一、The + -er + S + V, …the + -er + S + V…QYK英语作文网The + more + Adj + S + V, …the + more + Adj + S + V …(愈……愈……) 例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make. QYK英语作文网 你愈努力,你愈进步。

QYK英语作文网 The more books we read, the more learned we become. QYK英语作文网 我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。 十二、By +Ving, …can…(借着。

,..能够..) 例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. QYK英语作文网 借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。 *十三、…enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (……使……能够……) 例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. QYK英语作文网 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

*十四、On no account can we + V…(我们绝对不能……) 例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. QYK英语作文网 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是……的时候了) 例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. QYK英语作文网 该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who…(……的人……) 例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. QYK英语作文网 违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。 *十七、There is no one but…(没有人不……) 例句:There is no one but longs to go to college. QYK英语作文网 没有人不渴望上大学。

*十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不……) 例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports. QYK英语作文网 既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。 *十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的) It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的) QYK英语作文网 It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的) 例句: It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. QYK英语作文网 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why…(那就是……的原因) 例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it. QYK英语作文网 夏天。

副词基本用法:副词主要用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或其他结构。

一、副词的位置 1) 在动词之前。 2) 在be动词、助动词之后。

3) 多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。 二、副词的排列顺序: 1) 时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。

2) 方式副词,短的在前,长的在后,并用and或but等连词连接。例如: Please write slowly and carefully. 请写得慢一些,仔细一些 3) 多个不同副词排列:程度+地点+方式+时间副词。

对于作文,我说的最多的就是:不走寻常路!你不要以为在网上下载那些所谓的优秀作文,拿来背背,你就成为高手了,其实大错特错!因为我看了之后也觉得一般,甚至有些拙劣,哗众取宠的味道,比如有的所谓优秀作文竟然还用什么be good at ,importance,very much,depend on,in my opinion ,completely 这样低等的写作词汇,说它低等,那是因为这些词汇已经广为人知,阅卷老师已经看的麻木不仁了!要写出高人一等的作文,我觉得并不难,只要你有一定的语法基础和一定量的写作词汇(越高级越好),写作句型,就足可以应对常规的高考,四六级考试……(我记得高中25分满分的作文我可以保持在21-23这个级别,四六级的作文都是110多分)首先是语法,在你的语法达到一定层次之洛阳癫痫患者去哪家医院好后,你就可以追求更多的变化了,比如,用虚拟语气句型it is high time that we……代替常用的it is necessary that we should……,又如用倒装句代替常见的平铺直叙等,这样可以增加你的语法亮点,让已经有些麻木一直想睡觉的阅卷老师眼睛一亮,在你的试卷上多扫射一番!其次,是词汇,我觉得,在你的语法达到基本不会出错的程度上,作文便应该以词汇取胜,因为在这个层次上,大家的语法都差不多,没什么变化,唯一有变化的就是你的词汇!给你打个比方吧,很多想到“许多”就用many,但是你别忘了many a ;handsome;massive,innumerable,a multitude of ;很多人想到“专家”就写expert,但很少人会想到specialist,很多人在想到“擅长”这词,就写be good at ,却不知还有更高级的表达法:be expert at 或者excel in …高手和庸才,就体现在这些细微的差别上!再次,是怎么将文章润色,从而使你的文章大放异彩!关于这方面,我觉得我自己使用最多的,也是我自创的------叫做“添油加醋”,包括如下几个方面:尽可能地在形容词前使用副词,在介词短语中加入适当的形容词和副词,在过去分词前加入副词,在名词之前尽可能多用形容词……,总之就是尽可能地使用形容词和副词.我觉得这样做有一个好处,那就是使原本干巴巴的句子变得血肉丰满,比如:1.The regular physical exercise contributes to our health 改成The regular physical exercise contributes tremendously to our health!2.In my opinion,the driver's carelessness should be responsible for this road accident改成3For my part,the driver's negligence should be dominantly responsible for this unexpectedly horrible accident4The majority of students believe that the part-time job will provide them with more oppportunities to develop their interpersonal skills改成The majority of students firmly believe that the part-time job will undoubtedly provide them with golden opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills tremendously!………………………………………………………………………………………………………………最后,我建议你,平时读报,或者做题的时候,发现有好的句子好的词汇,你要抄下来,长期下来,你的作文会有提高的,需要说明的是,这个提高过程可能很缓慢,但是最后能收到很好的效果,以前25分的作文我都能保证在21-23这个级别,靠的就是对语法的熟练掌握和积累了许多较高级的词汇,句型,句子.。

初中英语语法 学习提纲 一,词类,句子成分和构词法:1,词类:英语词类分十种:名词,形容词,代词,数词,冠词,动词,副词,介词,连词,感叹词.1,名词(n.): 表示人,事物,地点或抽象概念的名称.如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange.2,代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词.如:who, she, you, it .3,形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征.如:good, right, white, orange . 4,数词(num.): 表示数目或事物的顺序.如:one, two, three, first, second, third, fourth.5,动词(v.): 表示动作或状态.如:am, is,are,have,see .6,副词(adv.): 修饰动词,形容词或其他副词,说明时间,地点,程度等.如:now, very, here, often, quietly, slowly.7,冠词(art..):用在名词前,帮助说明名词.如:a, an, the.8,介词(prep.): 表示它后面的名词或代词与其他句子成分的关系.如in, on, from, above, behind.9,连词(conj.): 用来连接词,短语或句子.如and, but, before .10,感叹词(interj..)表示喜,怒,哀,乐等感情.如:oh, well, hi, hello.2,句子成分:英语句子成分分为七种:主语,谓语,宾语,定语,状语,表语,宾语补足语.1,主语是句子所要说的人或事物,回答是"谁"或者"什么".通常用名词或代词担任.如:I'm Miss Green.(我是格林小姐)2,谓语动词说明主语的动作或状态,回答"做(什么)".主要由动词担任.如:Jack cleans the room every day. (杰克每天打扫房间)3,表语在系动词之后,说明主语的身份或特征,回答是"什么"或者"怎么样".通常由名词,代词或形容词担任.如:My name is Ping ping .(我的名字叫萍萍) 4,宾语表示及物动词的对象或结果,回答做的是"什么".通常由名词或代词担任.如:He can spell the word.(他能拼这个词) 有些及物动词带有两个宾语,一个指物,一个指人.指物的叫直接宾语,指人的叫间接宾语.间接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面.如:He wrote me a letter . (他给我写了一封信) 有时可把介词to或for加在间接宾语前构成短语,放在直接宾语后面,来强调间接宾语.如:He wrote a letter to me . (他给我写了一封信)5,定语修饰名词或代词,通常由形容词,代词,数词等担任.如:Shanghai is a big city .(上海是个大城市)6,状语用来修饰动词,形容词,副词,通常由副词担任.如:He works hard .(他工作努力)7,宾语补足语用来说明宾语怎么样或干什么,通常由形容词或动词充当.如:They usually keep their classroom clean.(他们通常让教室保持清洁) / He often helps me do my lessons.(他常常帮我做功课) / The teacher wanted me to learn French all by myself.(老师要我自学法语) ☆同位语通常紧跟在名词,代词后面,进一步说明它的情况.如:Where is your classmate Tom (你的同学汤姆在哪里 )3,构词法:英语构词法主要有:合成法,派生法和转换法.1,合成法:如:spaceship, headache, basketball, playground等等.2,派生法:(1)派生名词:①动词+er/or ②动词+ing ③动词+(t)ion ④形容词+ness ⑤其他,如:inventor, learner, swimming, congratulation, kindness, carelessness, knowledge(2)派生形容词:①名词+y ②名词+ful ③动词+ing/ed ④friendly ⑤dangerous ⑥Chinese; Japanese ⑦English ⑧French ⑨German ⑩国名+(i)an 如:snowy, sunny, hopeful, beautiful, interesting, follwing, daily(每日的),nervous, delicious (3)派生副词:①形容词+ly ②其它,如:slowly, angrily, full→fully, good→well, possible→possibly等等.3,转换法:(1)形容词→动词,如:dry(干燥的)→dry(弄干), clean(干净的)→clean(打扫,弄干净),等等.(2)动词→名词,如:look, walk, rest, work, study, swim, go, talk等等.(3)名词→动词,如:hand(手)→(传递),face(脸)→(面对)等等.(4)形容词→副词,如:early→early, fast→fast等等.(5)副词→连词,如:when(什么时候)→(当……时候),等等.(6)介词→副词,如:in(到……里)→(在里面;在家),on(在…上)→(进行,继续),等等。

1、Nowadays,it is generally/commonly believed that。, but I wonder that。

2、“如同硬币的正反面,。也有积极的一面和消极的一面。”

Like a coin长沙治癫痫哪家医院好 has two sides, there is a positive aspect and a negative aspect to。

3、“近来,。的问题已经成为人们注目的焦点。”

Currently, the issue of 。has been brought to public attention.

4、“随着。的快速增长,。在日常生活中已经变得越来越重要。”

Along with the rapid growth of 。,。has become increasingly important in our daily life.

5、“由汽车引起的空气和噪音污染对我们的健康造成了危害。”

Air pollution and noise pollution caused by automobiles do harm to our health.

写3个复合句 阐述3个左右理由 加一些连词(firstly……) 英语作文的文章的开头 一篇文章通常可分为三个部分,即开头、正文和结尾。

这三个部分安排是否得体,直接影响到文章的质量。 文章的开头一般来说应尽量做到开门见山,用简单明白的叙述引出文章的话题,使读者了解文章要谈论什么,一下于引起读者的兴趣。

作文常见的开头形式大致有以下几种: 1.开门见山,揭示主题 文章一开头,就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如“How I Spent My Vacation”(我怎样度假)的开头是: I Spent my last vacation happily. 下面是题为“Honesty”(谈诚实)一文中的开头: Honesty is one of the best virtues.An honest man is always trusted and respected.On the contrary, one who tells lies is regarded as a “liar”,and is looked upon by honest people. 2.交代人物、事情、时间或环境开头 在文章的开头,先把人物、事件和环境交待清楚。

例如“A Trip to Jinshan” (去金山旅游)的开头: The day before yesterday my class went on a bus trip to Jinshan. The bus ride there took three hours. The long trip made us very tired, but the sight of the beautiful sea refreshed us. 3. 回忆性的开头 用回忆的方法来开头。例如“A Trip to the Taishan Mountain”(泰山游)的开头是: I remember my first trip to the Taishan Mountain as if it were yesterday. 4.概括性的开头 即对要在文章中叙述的人或事先作一个概括性的介绍。

如“The Happiness of Reading Books”(读书的快乐)的开头: People often say that gold and silver are the most valuable things in the world. But I say that to read books is more valuable than anything else, because books give us knowledge and knowledge gives us power. 5.介绍环境式的开头 即开头利用自然景物或自然环境引出要介绍的事物。如“An Accident”(一场事故)的开头是: It was a rainy and windy morning. The sky was gloomy, the temperature was low, and the street was nearly empty. I was on my way back to school. Suddenly, a speeding car came round the corner. 6.交待写作目的的开头。

在文章的一开头就交待写作目的,如通过文章要表扬谁,批评谁,或说明一个什么问题等。如 “Pollution Control” (控制污染)的开头: In this article I shall draw your attention to the subject of pollution control. 英语作文的文章的正文 文章的正文是由若干段落组成的,段落通常由几个或者更多的句子组成,有时候一个句子也能成段。

文章的正文应以文章的开头为线索,具体地叙述、说明或论证文章的主题。文章不论长短,每个段落都必须为主题服务。

像说明文和议论文这一类的文章,一个主题还常分成几个小主题,每个小主题要用一个段落处理,另起一段时,应是一层新的意思。每一段的开头,要放一个表示段落小主题的主题句,这样可使文章条理化,易于阅读,便于读者抓住主题。

段内的所有句子应围绕主题句的意义加以阐述或论证,为中心思想服务。句子之间应衔结自然,有条不紊,而且还要合乎逻辑,段落中不能出现任何与主题无关的句子;英语写作比较重视主题句的作用,缺少它段落意义就会含糊不清。

主题句也可放在段落的中间和末尾等部位,但对初学者来说,以放在段首为好。见下列这篇题为“How to Be a Good Student” (怎样做个好学生)的文章: We students are the builders and masters of the country. It is important for us to know how to be a good student. A good student, I think, should be diligent in his studies. The more he studies, the more he will increase his knowledge. Without enough knowledge, we cannot make great contributions to the modernization of our country. To take care of one's own body is another important thing for good student to do. Anyone, who hasn't got a strong body, can do nothing for his country, even if he has much knowledge. There was a man, who, when he was student, studied hard but neglected his health. No sooner did he come to serve the country than he died of poor health. From this we may see that to have a strong body is really very important for a student. Lastly, to cultivate one's own virtue is most important. Virtue is the essence of a noble and good character. It will greatly help one to be useful and his country heart and soul. When learned people go astray, they do more harm than good to society. We should draw lessons from this. 这篇文章的第一段引出了文章的主题,第二、第三和第四段则是文章的正文,每—段的第一句即是段落的主题句,它们既支持了文章中心的观点和思想,同时又概括了全段的意思。

在同一段落中,其余的句子都围绕主题句所表示的中心展开,同时句子间的衔结也很自然;各层的意思都很连贯。 分段是文章组织上重要的一步,但如果写的题目范围很小,那就无须再将题目分成小的主题,并分入各个段落去阐述了。

像一篇简短的评论;某一事情的简短记载,某一个想法的说明,对一个人物或一件事情的简要叙述或说明。

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